Acute Kidney Disease

What is sudden kidney failure?

Acute kidney disease is the sudden loss of kidney function that occurs when high levels of waste products of the body’s metabolism accumulate in the blood. This occurs when the kidneys are unable to get rid of the daily toxins in the urine, which can cause serious complications.

In many cases, the causes of acute kidney disease can be treated within a few days or weeks and kidney function will be restored. Follow-up visits and monitoring may be needed to assure that the acute kidney failure has been resolved and preventive measures may be needed so that recurrence can be avoided.

What causes acute kidney disease?

Some of the causes of acute kidney disease include the following:

  • Heart attack
  • Low blood pressure (hypotension)
  • Liver failure
  • Severe dehydration
  • Serious infection
  • Sepsis damage (due to medications or toxins)
  • Severe injury
  • Severe burns
  • Severe kidney stone

To determine more information about your acute kidney disease, your healthcare provider may perform a laboratory or imaging test. These may include one or more of the following, in addition to other kidney function testing options:

  • Blood testing
  • Urine testing
  • Ultrasound

What are the symptoms of acute kidney disease?

  • Stomach pain
  • Chest pain or pressure
  • Loss of appetite
  • Back pain
  • Vomiting/Nausea
  • Rash/Itching
  • Nosebleeds
  • Fever

Sometimes, sudden kidney failure can result in a seizure or coma in very serious cases. In these cases, seek emergency help immediately.

How is acute kidney disease diagnosed?

Acute kidney disease, also called acute kidney failure, can be diagnosed by your healthcare provider or a nephrologist at the Rogosin Institute in New York City. One or more of the following diagnostic tools to help make an accurate acute kidney failure diagnosis:

  • Urine testing/Urinalysis/Urine output testing
  • Blood testing
    • Creatine testing
    • Urea testing
  • Ultrasound image testing/CT scanning
  • Kidney biopsy

How is acute kidney disease treated?

In many cases, the underlying conditions behind acute kidney disease can be treated within a few days or weeks. In these cases, kidney function can be restored.

After acute kidney disease treatment, follow-up visits and monitoring may be needed to make sure that the kidney failure has been resolved. We may also recommend specific preventive measures to avoid kidney failure recurrence.

If you are experiencing symptoms of acute kidney disease, talk to your healthcare provider about an appointment with a Rogosin nephrologist. Rogosin is recognized as one of the country’s premier centers for the diagnosis and management of kidney disease. Our doctors lead the way in acute kidney disease treatment for patients in the New York Metropolitan Area and beyond. Call our office at 212.746.1578 or fill out the form on this page to schedule an appointment with us any time.